The biological term for the differentiation of different sorts of coffee. The coffee plant itself consists of different species i.e. Coffea arabica, Coffea canephora (robusta) or liberica. In the speciality coffee scene, Arabica is the most common one when it comes to flavour profiles. Within C. arabica there are thousands of different varietals, but only around 50 are cultivated significantly over the world of coffee — except for Ethiopia, the origin of coffee, where you can get a full range of different varietals. Many varietals have not even been explored, yet.
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